Depression and alcohol use problems can each impair a person’s ability to carry out routine activities at home or work and negatively impact daily life.The occurrence of depression and alcohol use problems in the same individuals is a major public health concern.
Combined data from 2004 and 2005 indicate that 8% of adults aged 18 or older experienced at least one major depressive episode in the past year, and 8.0 percent had an alcohol use disorder
Among adults with both depression and alcohol use disorder, 41% did not receive treatment for either problem, 49% received treatment for depression only, 2% received treatment for an alcohol abuse only, and 9% received treatment for both problems.
Twice the number of people with an alcohol use disorder (16%) have depression compared to those without an alcohol problem (7%).
Women are nearly twice as likely as men to have depression (9.8 women vs. 5.4% men). Persons aged 50 or older were less likely to have depression than adults in other age groups. Adults aged 18 or older with alcohol use disorder were more than twice as likely as those with alcohol use disorder to have experienced depression in the past year.
Among adults aged 18 or older, 8% (an estimated 17.3 million persons) met the criteria for alcohol abuse. Males were more than twice as likely as females to have alcohol use disorder (11% men vs. 5% women). Increasing age was associated with a lower rates of alcohol use disorder, with adults aged 18 to 25 having the highest rate (17%) and adults aged 50 or older having the lowest rate (3.3%). Adults who experienced depression were more than twice as likely to have alcohol use disorder as adults who did not have depression.
Research findings from the American SAMHSA 2004 and 2005 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUHs), February 16, 2007.