Intervene Early To Prevent Smoking

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of premature, preventable death in the United States. Each year smoking causes an average of 438,000 deaths from cancer, heart disease, stroke, and lung disease, according to the National Cancer Institute.

For years the conventional wisdom in smoking research was that smokers don’t show signs of daily cigarette addiction until adulthood. But at the School of Nursing, Professor Carla Storr, ScD, RN, is shedding light on the fact that nicotine addiction can start well before smokers are old enough to legally buy cigarettes.

Intervene Early To Prevent Smoking.

Alcohol and Energy Drinks: A Dangerous Cocktail – - TIME Healthland

 Alcohol and Energy Drinks: A Dangerous Cocktail – - TIME Healthland.

Mixing alcohol with other substances is never really a good idea, and pairing it with energy drinks may be especially hazardous.

That might seem obvious, but the results of a new study published in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research provide some interesting insights into why. Cecile Marczinski, a psychologist at Northern Kentucky University, found that combining energy drinks such as Red Bull with vodka or other liquors effectively removes any built-in checks your body has for overindulging.

When you drink alcohol by itself, it initially induces a feeling of happiness — a comfortable buzz. But when you overindulge, your body knows it, and it starts to shut down; you start feeling tired, sleepy and more sedated than stimulated. “That’s your cue to go home to bed,” says Marczinski.

Clear Messages Reduce Teen Drug Use

Smiling teenager on boat uid 1283652 Students With Parents Who Set and Enforce Clear Rules are Less Likely to Report Illicit Drug Use

Youths whose parents set clear rules for them are less likely to report using illicit drugs, according to data from the 2008-09 PRIDE Survey. Middle and high school students* whose parents set clear rules for them “a lot” or “often” were less likely to report using illicit drugs in the past year (12% and 21%, respectively) than students whose parents never set clear rules (49%). Similar results were found for having parents who punish them for breaking these rules (data not shown). Previous studies have found that youths living in households where parents kept track of their whereabouts and set curfews were less likely to report heavy drinking.

 

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SOURCE: Adapted by CESAR from PRIDE, Questionnaire Report for Grades 6 to 12, 2008-09 National Summary – Grades 6 thru 12, 2009. Available online at http://www.pridesurveys.com/customercenter/us08ns.pdf.

Drugs and Kids: How Parents Can Keep Them Apart by Gary L. Somdahl

Where do Kids Get Pills

Red and white pills in packaging Teens & Prescription Drugs

Rx Danger Zones: The Search Starts at Home

Where are teens getting prescription drugs? Teens say they are readily available — in their own homes, from friends or relatives, and online pharmacies. Check these hotspots in your own home and neighborhood, and learn how to safeguard your prescriptions — and your teen.

This is an excellent interactive website that explores all the places that may have pills or prescription medications. Some I would never have thought about to check.

Some of the locations are;

  • Bathroom
  • Parents’ Bedroom
  • Teen’s Bedroom
  • Living Room
  • Kitchen
  • Garage
  • With Friends
  • Grandparents’ House
  • School
  • Store / shop / drug store / chemist

Full story at Prescription Danger Zones

See also;

Teens and Sleep Problems – Alcohol, Drugs

Sleepin teen Adolescents with chronic insomnia report ‘twofold to fivefold’ increase in personal problems

Documenting a “twofold to fivefold” increase in personal problems among adolescents with persistent sleeplessness, public health researchers at The University of Texas say they have completed the first prospective study demonstrating the negative impact of chronic insomnia on 11 to 17 year olds.

More than one fourth of the youths surveyed had one or more symptoms of insomnia and almost half of these youngsters had chronic conditions. Findings appear in the March issue of the “Journal of Adolescent Health” and are based on interviews with 3,134 adolescents in metropolitan Houston.

“Insomnia is both common and chronic among adolescents,” wrote lead author Robert E. Roberts. “The data indicate that the burden of insomnia is comparable to that of other psychiatric disorders such as mood, anxiety, disruptive behaviour and substance abuse disorders. Chronic insomnia severely impacts future health and functioning of youths.”

Researchers measured 14 aspects of personal wellbeing and found that adolescents with chronic insomnia were much more likely to have problems with drug use, depression, school work, jobs and perceived health.

The symptom criteria for insomnia includes difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, early morning awakening and non-restorative sleep over the previous four weeks.

In the initial screening, 27 percent had one of more symptoms of insomnia, 7 percent had one or more symptoms of insomnia plus daytime fatigue or sleepiness or both, and 5 percent met the clinical diagnosis criteria, which attempts to rule out other psychiatric disorders, as well as the effects of alcohol, drugs or medication, which can be confused with chronic insomnia.

Other studies indicate that chronic insomnia among adolescents can be caused by behavioral and emotional issues, Roberts said.

Roberts said adolescents with chronic insomnia were more likely to seek medical care. “These data suggest that primary care settings might provide a venue for screening and early intervention of adolescent insomnia,” he said.

The study is titled “Chronic Insomnia and Its Negative Consequences for Health and Functioning of Adolescents: A 12-Month Prospective Study.”

See also;

Teenagers are Normal Sometimes

 

Teen isolation Is your child’s unhappiness just a phase? – New guide to young people for parents

All children get upset sometimes and most teenagers suffer mood swings – these emotions are all part of growing up. But as a parent or carer you don’t always know if what your child is going through is normal or actually something to worry about.

Research shows that more children and teenagers have problems with their emotional health today than 30 years ago because of changes to the way we live. A poor diet, lack of exercise, family breakdowns and pressure to do well at school are just some of the things that can contribute to youngsters feeling down, worried or angry.

The Mental Health Foundation has published ‘Whatever life brings’, a new practical guide for parents and carers, telling you what everyone needs to know about children and young people’s mental health. It suggests how to support children to keep them mentally well, and gives advice on when to seek outside help and describes the different types of professional support available.

Dr Andrew McCulloch, the charity’s Chief Executive, said:

“There are lots of things that parents and carers can do to protect their children’s mental wellbeing but some things are out of their control – in those instances they need to know what to look out for and what to do if they think their child needs more than they can offer.”

According to the Mental Health Foundation, the following things can help keep children mentally well:

  • Receiving affection, praise and support
  • Being part of a family that gets along well most of the time
  • Accepting who they are and recognising what they’re good at
  • Eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise
  • Having time and the freedom to play, indoors and outdoors

The charity says that when upset or angry, troubled children and teenagers may:

  • Throw temper tantrums
  • Cling to you, not wanting to leave your side
  • Behave badly, aggressively or be rude
  • Withdraw from family life or from other children
  • Be unable to settle to an activity or to sleep
  • Have bad dreams
  • Experience aches and pains
  • Cry a lot
  • Refuse food

Click here to download booklet – [328 KB]

Click here to order a hard copy of the booklet.