Causes and Risks for Binge Drinking by Women

Binge drinking woman Women’s childhood and adult adverse experiences, mental health, and binge drinking: The California Women’s Health Survey.

Researchers surveyed nearly 7,000 women in California during 2003-4 and found that 9.3% were involved in binge drinking.

The reasons given for alcohol abuse in this manner were;

Poor physical health, and poorer mental health, including;

  • symptoms of PTSD,
  • anxiety,
  • depression,
  • feeling overwhelmed by stress

Adverse experiences in adulthood, including;

  • intimate partner violence,
  • having been physically or sexually assaulted, or
  • having experienced the death of someone close

In childhood, including;

  • living with someone abusing substances or mentally ill, or
  • with a mother victimized by violence, or
  • having been physically or sexually assaulted

The study concluded that identifying characteristics of women who engage in binge drinking is a key step in prevention and intervention efforts.

Binge drinking programs should consider comprehensive approaches that address women’s mental health symptoms as well as circumstances in the childhood home.

Women’s childhood and adult adverse experiences, mental health, and binge drinking: The California Women’s Health Survey. Christine Timko, Anne Sutkowi, Joanne Pavao and Rachel Kimerling. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2008, 3:1.

See also;

The Late Stage of Alcoholism

Grapes and Wine 122 The Disease of Alcoholism

There are, and have been, many theories about alcoholism. The most prevailing theory, and now most commonly accepted, is called the Disease Model.

Its basic tenets are that alcoholism is a disease with recognizable symptoms, causes, and methods of treatment. In addition, there are several stages of the disease which are often described as early, middle, late, treatment and relapse.

While it is not essential to fully define these stages, it is useful to understand them in terms of how the disease presents itself.

This series of articles describes the signs and symptoms of each stage as well as exploring treatment options.

  1. Early or Adaptive Stage
  2. Middle Stage
  3. Late Stage
  4. Treating Alcoholism
  5. Relapse to drinking

3 – The Late Stage of Alcoholism

The late, or deteriorative stage, is best identified as the point at which the damage to the body from the toxic effects of alcohol is evident, and the alcoholic is suffering from a host of ailments.

An alcoholic in the final stages may be destitute, extremely ill, mentally confused, and drinking almost constantly. The alcoholic in this stage is suffering from many physical and psychological problems due to the damage to vital organs. His or her immunity to infections is lowered, and the employee’s mental condition is very unstable.

Some of the very serious medical conditions the alcoholic faces at this point include heart failure, fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, malnutrition, pancreatitis, respiratory infections, and brain damage, some of which is reversible.

Why does an alcoholic continue to drink despite the known facts about the disease and the obvious adverse consequences of continued drinking? The answer to this question is quite simple. In the early stage, the alcoholic does not consider himself or herself sick because his or her tolerance is increasing. In the middle stage, the alcoholic is unknowingly physically dependent on alcohol. He or she simply finds that continuing to use alcohol will prevent the problems of withdrawal. By the time an alcoholic is in the late stage, he or she is often irrational, deluded, and unable to understand what has happened.

In addition to the effects of these changes, the alcoholic is faced with one of the most powerful facets of addiction: denial. An alcoholic will deny that he or she has a problem. This denial is a very strong force. If an alcoholic did not deny the existence of a problem, he or she would most likely seek help when faced with the overwhelming problems caused by drinking. While denial is not a diagnosable physical symptom or psychiatric disorder, it is an accurate description of the state of the alcoholic’s behavior and thinking and is very real.

See also;

  1. Early or Adaptive Stage of Alcoholism
  2. Middle Stage of Alcoholism
  3. Late Stage
  4. Treating Alcoholism
  5. Relapse to drinking

Take the Anger Test

 Angry HOW ANGRY ARE YOU?

People in recovery from alcoholism, addiction, gambling and codependency often need to deal with their own anger and others anger. This site may help.

Are you as cool as a cucumber or do you erupt like a volcano? How do you react when something gets your goat?

Take the UK Mental Health Foundation’s quiz and compare your anger temperature with the national average and find out which regions in the UK are the angriest!

The quiz can be found at Your Boiling Point – a specific website created by the Mental Health Foundation as part of a year long campaign to raise awareness about anger that kicks off during Mental Health Action Week (23rd – 29th March).

The website also enables visitors to HAVE A RANT! If you’re feeling close to boiling point and need to let off steam, why not get whatever is bothering you off your chest without scaring your friends witless. If your rant is funny enough it might join the Top 5!

See also;

Alcohol: Our Favourite Drug

Bottles 2 Alcohol is our favourite drug. Most of us use it for enjoyment, but for some of us, drinking can become a serious problem.

In fact, alcohol causes much more harm than illegal drugs like heroin and cannabis. It is a tranquilliser, it is addictive, and is the cause of many hospital admissions for physical illnesses and accidents.

  • Problems with alcohol

Many of these problems are caused by having too much to drink at the wrong place or time. Alcohol affects your judgment, so you do things you wouldn’t normally think of. It makes you less aware of risks and so more vulnerable. You are more likely to have fights, arguments, money troubles, family upsets, or spur-of-the-moment casual sex. Alcohol helps to cause accidents at home, on the roads, in the water and on playing fields.

  • Problems with alcohol – physical health

Being very drunk can lead to severe hangovers, stomach pains (gastritis), vomiting blood, unconsciousness and even death. Drinking too much over a long period of time can cause liver disease and increases the risk of some kinds of cancer. It can reduce the risk of heart disease for men over 40 and women of menopausal age – but only if their drinking is very moderate.

  • Problems with alcohol – mental health

Although we tend to think of alcohol as something we use to make us feel good, heavy drinking can bring on depression. Many people who commit suicide have had drinking problems. Alcohol can stop your memory from working properly and can cause brain damage. It can even make you hear noises and voices – a very unpleasant experience which can be hard to get rid of.

Warning signs

  • Alcohol is addictive. Some warning signs are:
  • you do not feel right without a drink, or need a drink to start the day
  • you get very shaky, sweaty, and anxious/tense a few hours after your last drink
  • you can drink a lot without becoming drunk
  • you need to drink more and more to get the same effect
  • you try to stop, but find you can’t
  • you carry on drinking even though you can see it is interfering with your work, family and relationships
  • you get “memory blanks” where you can’t remember what happened for a period of hours or days.

Full story at Royal College of Psychiatrists