At least once during the daytime, she says she thinks about killing herself.
“Perhaps I had better die,” the woman muttered. “But I want to die in Hirono.”
Cases of depression and alcoholism are rising in number among evacuees of the March 11 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami and the nuclear accident.
A team of mental care specialists from Kyoto Prefecture treated 262 people at seven evacuation centers, including one in Aizuwakamatsu in Fukushima Prefecture, until July.
The team said 51 evacuees, or 19.5 percent, were suffering from reactive depression.
Toru Ishikawa, president of the Tohokukai Medical Hospital in Sendai, says the survivors of disasters have become more susceptible to depression and alcoholism since moving into temporary housing from evacuation centers. That’s because many of them now live alone.
You may think that allowing your teenager to consume alcohol under your supervision at home is better for them, but a new study suggests the risk of subsequent alcohol-related problems is greater, compared to the zero tolerance approach. The authors wrote in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs that many of us believe that alcohol consumption is a normal part of teenage development, and as such we should therefore drink with our teenagers so that they can learn how to drink responsibly, rather than with strangers – this approach is known as a harm-minimization approach.
In a Zero-tolerance approach, all consumption of alcohol is prohibited if the child is underage.
Mixing alcohol with other substances is never really a good idea, and pairing it with energy drinks may be especially hazardous.
That might seem obvious, but the results of a new study published in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research provide some interesting insights into why. Cecile Marczinski, a psychologist at Northern Kentucky University, found that combining energy drinks such as Red Bull with vodka or other liquors effectively removes any built-in checks your body has for overindulging.
When you drink alcohol by itself, it initially induces a feeling of happiness — a comfortable buzz. But when you overindulge, your body knows it, and it starts to shut down; you start feeling tired, sleepy and more sedated than stimulated. “That’s your cue to go home to bed,” says Marczinski.
Study Says Drinking with Your Kids Doesn’t Prevent Abuse
Dutch teens who were allowed to drink alcohol at home drank more outside the home than their peers and — along with other teens who drank — were at increased risk of developing alcohol problems, according to researchers from Radboud University Nijmegen.
The study authors tracked 428 Dutch families with two children ages 13-15. They found that teens who drank at home also drank more on their own, and vice-versa, suggesting that teen drinking begets more teen drinking regardless of setting.
"The idea is generally based on common sense,"
"The idea is generally based on common sense," said researcher Haske van der Vorst. "For example, the thinking is that if parents show good behavior — here, modest drinking — then the child will copy it. Another assumption is that parents can control their child’s drinking by drinking with the child."
“ … try to postpone the age at which their child starts drinking”
However, the study demonstrated that, "If parents want to reduce the risk that their child will become a heavy drinker or problem drinker in adolescence, they should try to postpone the age at which their child starts drinking," said van der Vorst.
The research was published in the January 2010 issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Alcohol increases the risk of violence in couples — especially violence both to and by the female partner. A new study of couples found that experienced intimate partner violence found 30.2 percent reported alcohol use before or during the event.
Long-Term Study Concludes Drinking Does Not Protect Against Stroke
Researchers who studied 22,000 men over more than two decades have concluded that drinking alcohol is not associated with either the odds of having a stroke or the severity of stroke symptoms, Reuters reported Jan. 5.
Previous, smaller studies have suggested that moderate drinking may protect against stroke, but researcher Tobias Kurth and colleagues found that the association is weak and grows even weaker over time.
The study found that very light drinkers — those who consumed just one alcoholic drink weekly — were slightly less likely to suffer strokes, but moderate drinking had no impact.
On the other hand, heavy drinking was found to raise stroke risk, said Kurth, a researcher with the French national research institute INSERM and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.
The findings were published in the January 2010 issue of the journal Stroke.
"Most people don’t know what ‘drink responsibly’ means — they think it means not getting tanked," says Mark Willenbring, director of treatment and recovery research at NIAAA. The new website is part of a broader effort to increase understanding of the array of alcohol-related disorders and redefine the way terms like "abuse" and "dependence" are used.
The website utilizes an interactive form that allows users to enter daily and weekly drinking amounts to determine how their consumption compares with national averages. The site has a drink-size chart and a content calculator to aid in determining what comprises a "standard" drink.
The NIAAA considers the consumption of no more than four standard-size alcoholic drinks a day for a man or no more than three for a woman as placing individuals at low risk for serious alcohol problems. The weekly "low-risk" limit is no more than 14 drinks for a man or seven for a woman.
More daily or weekly consumption creates a higher risk of abuse or dependence. Very few Americans exceed the weekly limits without exceeding the daily limitations, Willenbring said.
"Rethinking Drinking" presents options and strategies to the user — from "space and pace" (no more than one drink per hour) strategies to "avoiding triggers" (understanding the external situations that may provoke drinking). The site uses an "urge tracker" to monitor events surrounding the urge to drink, along with a section on "refusal skills" for coping with social situations.
The site also features a downloadable print version that Willenbring said will serve as a resource for those who counsel people concerned about their drinking habits.
Alcohol Commercials and Movie Scenes Influence Drinking
In this study participants who watched films accompanied by alcohol commercials were more likely to drink beer or wine during the movies than those who viewed the flick minus the alcohol ads, according to researchers.
HealthDay News reported March 4 that the study involved 40 young Dutch men ages 18 to 29 who were invited to watch the movie ‘American Pie’ (which contained extensive drinking scenes) or ’40 Days and 40 Nights’ (which only had a few scenes with alcohol) in a home cinema equipped with a stocked refrigerator.
Those who watched the films interrupted by two alcohol ads drank more than the control group, and those who watched American Pie drank more than those who viewed 40 Days and 40 Nights. "Our study showed that the portrayal of alcohol and drinking characters in movies directly leads to more alcohol consumption in young adult male viewers when alcohol is available within the situation," the authors concluded.
"It’s one of those things the majority of people have assumed to be the case, but it’s nice to have the empirical evidence," said Jeffrey T. Parsons, chair of the psychology department at Hunter College, who was not affiliated with the study.
The research was published online in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism.